A Brief about Architecture in Mumbai:
The Gateway of India
Architectural Style: Indo-Saracenic
The Gateway of India is an arch monument built during the 20th century in Mumbai. The monument was erected to commemorate the landing of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder on their visit to India in 1911.
This 26 metres arch monument is built in yellow basalt and indissoluble concrete.in a typical Indo-Saracenic style. The stone was locally obtained, and the perforated screens were brought from Gwalior.
About Architecture style and my perception:
The Scottish architect George Wittet combined the elements of the Roman triumphal arch and the 16th-century architecture of Gujarat. The monument's design is a combination of Hindu and Muslim architectural styles.
Basically, it is like a well-cooked delicious food, in which ingredients has been taken from Muslim architecture, by taking care of the food taste of Hindu Architecture (which is original architecture of Ancient India) but it is cooked by English People, that’s why it has completely a new taste of cuisine. The arch is of Muslim style while the decorations are of Hindu style.
As we can see in picture all the decoration in Gateway of India is very similar to the temples built in Gujrat and Central India which is representation of Hindu architecture and minars and horseshoe arch is the representation of Islamic architecture.
Indo-Saracenic is also known as Indo-Gothic or Neo-Mughal.
Basically, Saracen was a term used in the Middle Ages in Europe for the Arabic-speaking Muslim people of the Middle East and North Africa. (may be their first impression with East people was still in their memory and they named it as.) But we can also see some the similarities with the Hindu Temple Architecture as large door opening.
Influence by Other Architectural Style:
The basic layout and structure of the buildings tended to be close to that used in contemporary buildings in other styles, such as Gothic revival and Neo-Classical with specific Indian features and decoration added. It is very much seem like the Neo-Classical aimed to bring back a nobility and grandeur to architecture.
2. David Sassoon Library
Architectural Style: Gothic Revival
The library is located on Rampart Row, looking across the Kala Ghoda in Mumbai.
The building was designed by architects J. Campbell and G. E. Gosling, for the Scott McClelland and Company, at a cost of Rs. 125,000. David Sassoon donated Rs. 60,000, while the rest was borne by the Government of Bombay Presidency.
This building completed is built using yellow Malad stone, much like the abutting Elphinstone College, Army and Navy Buildings and Watson's Hotel.
Few facts and Architectural Style of the Building:
This building is completed in 1870, which is the period of industrial revolution across the Europe (and its influence across the world). But we cannot connect with Victorian style ( as Victorian style of architecture started after Industrial revolution) .
It is a typical example of Gothic style. Gothic architecture borrowed flourishes and features from previous styles and used them all together. More decorative than classical styles, walls were thinner, columns more slender; windows adorned with stained glass and designed so to draw the eye upwards of architecture.
3. Ismail Building in Mumbai’s iconic Flora Fountain Area
Architectural Style: Neo-Classical
Architectural Style: Neo-Classical/Baroque
This five-storey 111 years old Edwardian Neo-Classical building once owned by the Ismail Yusuf Trust formerly housed banks and offices. But finance and commerce have made way for retail. The building now houses a Zara store. Architects from Zara’s parent group, Inditex, collaborated with local architects Kirtida Unwalla and Mona Sanghvi to restore Ismail Building’s facade and modernise the interiors.
In this building we can see the some special features of Baroque style architecture as broken pediments, ‘broken’ at their apex, where extremely designed and lighted ornamented logo of “ZARA” placed in the centre, elaborate ornamentation, paired columns, concave walls.
4. The Bombay Art Society:
The futuristic building at Bandra Reclamation is actually an arts complex, and the 127-year-old. The Bombay Art Society’s first address in the suburbs.
Basically the brutalist architecture is all about the ethic and aesthetic. The whole brutalism movement reflected external decorative cladding and even paint and plaster, keeping the building’s concrete structure exposed as the finished façade. The aim was to represent the brutal honesty.